Surgical Innovation Lab
Our Research Projects
The use of ambiguous language and its effect on learning. “Semantically Ambiguous Language in the Teaching Operating Room” is a result of this research.
Midurethral Sling Surgery Errors
We hypothesize that surgical error related to sub-optimal surgeon bio-mechanics can be quantified, predicted, and avoided by discrete changes in the kinematics of the surgeon’s shoulder, elbow, and wrist, and the surgical instrument’s spatio-temporal characteristics.
Beeps, Squeals, and Drones
A cross-sectional study measuring noise and conversation in the OR. We use sound recordings from various OR environments to crease a replication soundscape of the various sounds that occur in a live OR. We also use case-relevant conversations among surgical team members to create a perception performance test.
A qualitative analysis of health data in different areas as they relate to surgical procedures and their outcomes. Some of the articles below are results of this research, including, “The Risk of Primary Uterine and Cervical Cancer After Hysteropexy” and “Risk Factors for Returning to the OR for a Second Surgery After Midurethral Sling for Stress Urinary Incontinence”
Induction of general anesthesia sequence (IGAS) study: Unpacking expertise, judgement cues, and critical decision making during high priority events
Qualitative study using cognitive task analysis to elicit tacit domain knowledge from anesthesia personnel about tasks within induction of anesthesia that are typified by high time pressure, high information content, and changing conditions. We focus on 2 critical steps within induction of anesthesia: mask ventilation and direct laryngoscopy. Our overall goal is to create a graphic flowchart that lists key judgement and decision points, informed by environmental cued that made by experts during our 2 critical tasks.
We wish to study how non-verbal communication patterns between the attending surgeon and resident surgeon influences resident autonomy during critical moments of the surgery. To study this, we audio and video record both attending and resident surgeons in the OR. We also use a mixed-methods approach to gather as much data as possible.
Scoping review of studies that use video-recording as a methodology to conduct Health Professions Education research. This research is a collaborative effort with external researchers Elizabeth Littleton, Emily Huang, and Patricia O’Sullivan.
Cognitive Strategies in High Risk Surgical Steps: The Role of Coping and Resilience
Qualitative study that explores the mental responses of surgeons during high risk surgical steps, how they develop strategies to alleviate stress and perform under pressure, how they perform under pressure without choking, and how performance under pressure is related to cognitive map formation and manipulation. We explore these themes through semi-structured interview in order to identify trends in strategies for coping and resilience that surgeons use to improve their performance.
We are examining the lived experience of the surgical theater. Some of the articles below are results of this research, namely “Absence or Presence: Silent Discourse in the Operating Room and Impact on Surgical Team Action” and “An Ethnographic Study Examining Attending Surgeon Persona in the Operating Room and Influence on Interprofessional Team Action”
(* denotes student as first author)
*Arif MA, Stylianou AP, Bachar A, King GW, Sutkin G. Retropubic trocar modified with a load cell to verify contact with pubic bone. Surgery, 2022, IN 0039-6060 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surg.2022.06.011. PMID: 35820973
Brommelsiek M, Krishnan T, Rudy P, Viswanathan N, Sutkin G. Human-Caused Sound Distractors and their Impact on Operating Room Team Function. World Journal of Surgery, 46,6, 1376-1382 March 2022.
Davies A, Wickoren NL, Brommelsiek M, Qureshi F, Cianciolo AT, Sutkin G. Unpacked expertise: Difficult mask ventilation, judgment cues, and critical decision making. Accepted for publication American Association of Nurse Anesthesiology Journal, Dec 2021. Estimated Publication date is Spring 2023.
Sutkin G, Littleton EB, Arnold L, Kanter SL. Optimizing surgical teaching through the lens of sociocultural learning theory. American Journal of Surgery, 2022;224(1 Pt B):379-383. doi:10.1016/j.amjsurg.2022.03.009
*Mueller F, Brommelsiek M, Sutkin G. Mental 3D Visualization: Building Surgical Resilience for Performing High-Risk Procedures. Journal of Surgical Education. 2022 Feb 2:S1931-7204(22)00007-1. doi: 10.1016/j.jsurg.2022.01.007. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35123912.
*Kurian R, Kirchhoff-Rowald A, Sahil S, Cheng A-L, Wang X, Shepherd J, Sutkin G. The Risk of Primary Uterine and Cervical Cancer After Hysteropexy, Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery: March 2021(27)3:e493-e496. doi: 10.1097/SPV.0000000000001030. PMID: 33620910.
*Liu C, McKenzie A, Sutkin G. Semantically Ambiguous Language in the Teaching Operating Room. Journal of Surgical Education. 2021 Apr 23:S1931-7204(21)00073-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jsurg.2021.03.020. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33903062
Lavelle ES, Alam P, Meister M, Florian-Rodriguez M, Elmer-Lyon C, Kowalski J, Carter-Brooks C, Mazloomdoost D, Zyczynski H, Lowder J, Gutman R, Sutkin G. Antibiotic Prophylaxis During Catheter-Managed Postoperative Urinary Retention After Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2019;134(4). doi:10.1097/AOG.0000000000003462. PMID: 31503155.
Sutkin G. Pelvic Anatomy Terminology: Can We Agree to Agree? Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2020 Mar;222(3):199-200. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2020.01.008. PMID: 32122534.
*Sharif F, Mahmud F, Suman S, Cheng, A-L, Shepherd J, Sutkin G Risk Factors for Returning to the OR for a Second Surgery After Midurethral Sling for Stress Urinary Incontinence. Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg. 2020 Jul;26(7):443-446. doi:10.1097/SPV.0000000000000804. PMID: 32217917.
Brommelsiek M, Kanter SL, Sutkin G. An Ethnographic Study Examining Attending Surgeon Persona in the Operating Room and Influence on Interprofessional Team Action. Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice. September 2020;20 doi:10.1016/j.xjep.2020.100359.
Sutkin G, Littleton EB, Arnold L, Kanter SL. Micro-relational interdependencies are the essence of teaching and learning in the OR. Med Educ. 2020 Dec;54(12):1137-1147. doi:10.1111/medu.14353 Epub 2020 Sep 9. PMID: 32794212.
Brommelsiek M, Said T, Gray M, Kanter SL, Sutkin G. Absence or Presence: Silent Discourse in the Operating Room and Impact on Surgical Team Action [published online ahead of print, 2020 Sep 19]. Am J Surg. 2020;S0002-9610(20)30586-9. doi:10.1016/j.amjsurg.2020.09.017
*Kanjilal D, Mahmud F, Sutkin G. Constructivist Grounded Theory to Establish the Relationship Between Technical Error and Adverse Patient Outcome: Modeling Technical Error and Adverse Outcomes. Published Online, The American Surgeon, Nov 2020. doi:10.1177/0003134820952837.
*Kurian R, Kirchhoff-Rowald A, Sahil S, Cheng A-L, Wang X, Shepherd J, Sutkin G. The Risk of Primary Uterine and Cervical Cancer After Hysteropexy, Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery: March 2021(27)3:e493-e496. doi: 10.1097/SPV.0000000000001030.